Adverbs – Formation and Meaning

Analyse the sentence: I could hardly stand. Is the word hardly an adjective or an adverb? How is it formed? Remember: Adverbs are normally formed by adding -ly to the correspondinf adjective; e.g. easy - easily, quiet - quietly, successful - successfully A few adverbs have the same form as the corresponding adjectives: e.g. fast, … Continue reading Adverbs – Formation and Meaning


One & Ones

We use ‘one’ as a pronoun meaning ‘anyone’ to refer to people in general when we want to be formal. In everyday speech we use ‘you’ in an informal way to mean ‘anyone'. Ex: I like to go to picnic in this area, although there are no shops here and one has to take one’s … Continue reading One & Ones

Had Better

“Had better” is normally used with infinitive without to to give advice about specific situations or make recommendations. We use the same form for present, past or future without changing the ‘had’ into ‘have’. The short form is 'd better. Ex: You’d better go to school now.        We’d better tell her all about it. … Continue reading Had Better

Question Tags

Question tags are very common in spoken English. We use them to keep conversation going by involving listeners and inviting them to participate. The most common patterns are: positive sentence – negative tag, or negative sentence – positive tag. You’re Jenny, aren’t you? It isn’t a very nice day, is it? We repeat the auxiliary … Continue reading Question Tags


Special rules for possessives: We can have two possessive’s forms together: We are fed up with our neighbor’s tenants’ loud music. If the possessive form consists of a compound noun or two or more nouns which form a single team or group, we add the ‘s to the last noun only: Are you coming to … Continue reading Possessives

Hope vs Wish

There is a lot of confusion about the difference between these two words. The word HOPE is used to talk about possible situations that we desire in the past, present or future which are possible. For example: I haven’t looked the weather forecast yet. I hope it’s sunny. I hope you have a nice holiday. I … Continue reading Hope vs Wish