Singular and Plural of Nouns

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  •     The plural of nouns is generally formed by adding –S to the singular:

Ex: book   – books, pen – pens, teacher – teachers, student – students

  •     Nouns ending in –S, –SS, -CH, -SH, -X, -O usually form the plural by adding –ES:

Ex: bus – buses, glass – glasses, church – churches, fox – foxes, potato – potatoes

  •     Nouns ending in -Y preceded by a consonant usually form the plural by changing the Y to I and adding –ES:

Ex: story – stories, lady – ladies, city – cities.

  •     Nouns ending in –Y preceded by a vowel usually form the plural simply by adding –S:

Ex: boy – boys, play – plays, day – days, keys – keys

  •     Nouns ending in –F or –FE usually form a plural by changing the F to V and…

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Order of Adjectives

We sometimes put more than one adjective in front of a noun. We put ‘opinion’ adjectives (what we think, not facts), e.g. amazing, boring, comfortable, before others: Look at these amazing multi-colored tropical fish. I love my comfortable old leather armchair.  We put adjectives describing type or purpose (what something is for) next to the… Continue reading Order of Adjectives


Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

We use much, many and a lot of to talk about a large amount; we don’t know the exact amount. ·         We usually use much and many in negative sentences and questions: + UNCOUNTABLE  NOUN    We haven’t got much water. + COUNTABLE  NOUN          There aren’t many cans of cola. ·         We use a lot of… Continue reading Much, many, a lot of (lots of)