Singular and Plural of Nouns

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  •     The plural of nouns is generally formed by adding –S to the singular:

Ex: book   – books, pen – pens, teacher – teachers, student – students

  •     Nouns ending in –S, –SS, -CH, -SH, -X, -O usually form the plural by adding –ES:

Ex: bus – buses, glass – glasses, church – churches, fox – foxes, potato – potatoes

  •     Nouns ending in -Y preceded by a consonant usually form the plural by changing the Y to I and adding –ES:

Ex: story – stories, lady – ladies, city – cities.

  •     Nouns ending in –Y preceded by a vowel usually form the plural simply by adding –S:

Ex: boy – boys, play – plays, day – days, keys – keys

  •     Nouns ending in –F or –FE usually form a plural by changing the F to V and…

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Formal Letter

A formal letter is a letter written to someone you do not know, therefore you should generally use more formal language than in letters you write to your family or friends, avoid phrasal verbs and involve more complex sentence structure. Here are some useful phrases for formal letter writing: Dear Mr/Ms (surname),                             Dear Sir/Madam/Sir or… Continue reading Formal Letter


Order of Adjectives

We sometimes put more than one adjective in front of a noun. We put ‘opinion’ adjectives (what we think, not facts), e.g. amazing, boring, comfortable, before others: Look at these amazing multi-colored tropical fish. I love my comfortable old leather armchair.  We put adjectives describing type or purpose (what something is for) next to the… Continue reading Order of Adjectives


Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

We use much, many and a lot of to talk about a large amount; we don’t know the exact amount. ·         We usually use much and many in negative sentences and questions: + UNCOUNTABLE  NOUN    We haven’t got much water. + COUNTABLE  NOUN          There aren’t many cans of cola. ·         We use a lot of… Continue reading Much, many, a lot of (lots of)