Grammar

Gerunds & Infinitives

A gerund is a ‘noun’ made from a verb by adding “-ing”. An infinitive is the “to” form of the verb. It might be complicated to remember which verbs are followed by an infinitive form and which by a gerund form. Here are some hints and tips to help you.

We use gerund form:

  • As a subject of a sentence:

Smoking is a bad habit.

  • After the verbs: enjoy, stop, start, avoid, finish, admit, consider, deny

She considered moving to a bigger flat. 

  • After prepositions:

I am interested in writing.

  • After certain phrases such as: it’s no use, it’s worth, it’s no good, …

It’s no use shouting, they can’t hear you.

Note: some verbs can be followed by either gerund or infinitive without change in their meaning:

I like staying up late on Saturdays.

I like to stay up late on Saturdays.

But some verbs can be followe by either gerund or infinitive but with a change in their meaning:

He remembered to send an email. (he remembered an email and sent it).

He remembered sending an email (he remembered the act of sending an email).

We use an infinitive form:

  • As a subject at the beginning of a sentence:

To speak a foreign language requires a lot of work.

  • After the verbs: help, learn, manage, happen, fail, arrange, agree, choose,

I helped my mother to tidy up the garden.

  • After verbs that refer to future events such as: want, promise, hope, intend, would like…

I would like to study French.

  • After adjectives: glad, disappointed, pleased,…

I am disappointed to hear that you didn’t pass your exam.

 

Exercises:

  1. Please tell them to stop _____________ (make) noise.
  2. I would like __________ (learn) English well.
  3. Mery always helps me _________ (do) my homework.
  4. I am glad ________ (meet) you.
  5. It’s worth _________ (see) Paris.
  6. Sarah wanted ___________ (learn) to drive ever since she was a little girl.

(Answers: 1. making, 2. to learn, 3. to do, 4. to meet, 5. seeing, 6. to learn)

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s