Grammar

Relative Clauses with WHO, WHICH and THAT

We can use relative clauses to make two sentences into one sentence.

 

This is my friend. He lives in New York
There are three books. They form the ‘Lord of the Rings’ series
I’ve got a camera It takes great photos.


This is my friend who lives in New York.

There are three books which form the ‘Lord of the Rings’ series.

I’ve got a camera that takes great photos.

The relative clause gives us more information about the person or thing in the main clause.

We introduce a relative clause with a relative pronoun (who, which, that)

WHO is for a relative clause about people:

Do you know the man who owns that shop?

Stephenson is the man who built the locomotive.

WHICH is for a relative clause about animals or things:

I have got a new mobile phone which cost $100.

The horse which won the race has died.

THAT can be used for people, animals, and things:

I’ve contacted all the students that took the exam.

It’s a phone that plays music.

 

Exercises:

  1. This is the man _________ saved the child.
  2. This is the car________ he bought 10 years ago.
  3. Hose offered an apology ________ Fiona didn’t accept.
  4. Brian said goodnight to his roommate Justin _______ continued playing video games.
  5. He drank the juice _____ he made himself.
  6. Jane, _______ hates spiders, carry bug-stomping boots wherever she goes.

 

Answers: 1.who, that; 2.which, that; 3.which; 4.who; 5.which, that; 6.who

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